Effectiveness of Atenolol on the Basis of Pattern of Side Effects in Hypertensive Patients

Effectiveness of Atenolol in Hypertensive Patients


  • Maria Fareed Siddiqui Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mehreen Rasheed Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ahmad Alwazzan Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Sadia Sarwar Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan




Hypertension, Atenolol, Insulin


Hypertension plays a significant role in changing Insulin parameter. They are taken as valid diagnostic markers in determining side effects of anti-hypertensive drugs. These parameters are grossly affected by the use of beta blockers which are used to control hypertension. Objective: To determine the effects of atenolol, a beta blocker on insulin when taking alone in hypertensive patients. Methods: A total of 80 patients participated in this study of which 43 patients were taking atenolol alone while 37 were taking atenolol in combination with other anti-hypertensive drugs and 20 healthy controls were included of all age groups population to make a comparison and to find variation in values of insulin levels, in patients experiencing hypertension. Medical efficacy was evaluated on the basis of variations in insulin levels upon use of anti-hypertensive medications. ELISA technique was used for conducting insulin levels. Results: We found significant results of insulin values because atenolol cause hyperglycemia Atenolol was non-significant in both groups of patients having low insulin levels due to use of atenolol alone or use of atenolol in combination therapy. Other anti-hypertensive drugs did not affect the insulin levels therefore variation is basically because of atenolol so the main focus of our study was atenolol. Conclusions: Atenolol prove efficacy but it also causes the disturbance in insulin levels therefore we recommend use of any other drug in conjunction with atenolol to avoid insulin variation due to atenolol. Further these results may be employed on large patient population for strengthening our evidences.



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DOI: 10.54393/df.v4i01.68
Published: 2023-06-30

How to Cite

Fareed Siddiqui, M. ., Rasheed, M., Alwazzan, A. ., & Sarwar, S. . (2023). Effectiveness of Atenolol on the Basis of Pattern of Side Effects in Hypertensive Patients: Effectiveness of Atenolol in Hypertensive Patients. DIET FACTOR (Journal of Nutritional and Food Sciences), 4(01), 32–36. https://doi.org/10.54393/df.v4i01.68



Original Article