Publication Ethics & Policy GuideLines




This journal advocates acknowledging contributions to a scientific work where authorship is not claimed. All additional individuals who contributed to the study and are not a part of authorship should be credited, and their contributions should be detailed, according to ICMJE criteria. All authors must reserve the right to know their contributions were acknowledged along with the technical assistance, data gathering assistance, writing assistance and services offered from departmental head. Support in terms of funding and access to scientific instrumentation should also acknowledged.

Number and order of authors

The number of authors is not limited, although it shouldn't be substantially higher than the amount of work produced. The contribution to the work should determine the rank of the authors. All authors should concur on the number and arrangement.

Principal and corresponding authors

Author with the most significant contribution should be ranked as the principal/first author. First author or the primary author should be the person who contributed the most. The principal author may, with the consent of all authors, either be the corresponding author himself or nominate another author for it.

Informed consent & maintaining the confidentiality of research participants

  1. Before including case specifics, other personal information, or images of patients and other persons in their work, writers must first obtain the relevant authorization forms, permits, and releases in order to be in compliance with the country's or region's data protection and privacy laws.


  1. Each participant who appears in any video, audio, photograph, image, illustration, case report, or other form in which they can be identified, or who is the person's legal guardian, or another person with legal authority to act on their behalf, is informed beforehand that such photographs are being taken or such video, recording, photograph, image, illustration, or report is being made and of all the purposes for which they might be used, including disclosure. That person, their legal guardian, or another person in a position of authority must express their written consent in order for it to be accepted.


  1. The written consent must abide by all applicable privacy and data protection laws in its entirety. When minors are involved (especially those with special needs or learning difficulties), when an individual's head or face appears, or while the individual's name or other personal information is mentioned, extra caution should be given when acquiring consent.


  1. In the instance of a child, consent should be regarded not to have been provided and those photographs should not be disseminated if the child's parents or legal guardians disagree with the use of those images. To decrease the probability of images being used improperly, it is also crucial to make sure that only pictures of child wearing appropriate clothing are displayed.


  1. Even if permission has been granted, care must be taken to ensure that the person being depicted and captioned are courteous and cannot be seen as disparaging that person.


  1. In order to publish a manuscript, authors must persuade the editors that "informed consent to participate" was obtained from all adult subjects or from the parents or guardians of any minor subjects.


  1. Names, initials, hospital or social security numbers, dates of birth, or other personal or identifiable information should not be used for patients or research participants.


  1. Images of patients or research subjects should not be used for publication unless it is absolutely necessary for the scientific investigation and the patient (or parent/guardian) has given written, informed consent. Identifying information ought to be omitted if it is unnecessary, even when consent has been given. Editors may request to submit the written consent.


  1. In cases where there is any ambiguity regarding anonymity, informed consent is required.


  1. The authors must make sure that the editors do not misrepresent the scientific meaning while choosing the themes.


  1. For the use of completely anonymized images from which the individual cannot be identified, such as X-rays, ultrasound images, pathology slides, or laparoscopic images, formal consent is not necessary so long as the images are free of any identifying marks and are not accompanied by text that could place the individual at risk of being identified.


  1. It is typically insufficient to anonymize a photo simply by adding eye bars or obscuring the subject's face if authorization has not been obtained.


  1. The CARE case report writing guidelines should be followed by authors.

Conflicts of interest/ Grant support and financial disclosure

  1. Any conflicts of interest including financial or personal ties to other people, businesses, or organizations that can improperly affect (bias) their work must be disclosed by all authors.


  1. Financial conflicts include, but are not limited to, work-related consultancy, stock ownership, honoraria, expert testimony that was paid for, patents or patent applications, and travel grants; all of which started within three years of the work that was submitted.


  1. Authors should declare no conflict of interest.


  1. Authors of studies who have received funding from an organization are required to sign a statement attesting to their full access to all the study's data and their full responsibility for the validity of the data they gathered and the reliability of their data analysis. This declaration must be included with the manuscript.


  1. A further obligation for reviewers is to disclose any conflicts they may have with the work they are assigned to assess.


  1. This journal publishes conflicts of interest/ grant support and financial disclosure along with all published items.


Approval of Ethical Committee/ Use of humans and animals/ Helsinki Declaration

  1. We presume that the authors believe in the culture of responsible research.


  1. In order to uphold the fundamental principles of research objectivity, honesty, openness, fairness, accountability, and stewardship we encourage research integrity.


  1. We support the fundamental principles of the COPE standards and handle any alleged conduct in accordance with them.


  1. At the time the article is submitted, the ethical approval certificate for any research involving individuals or animals must be provided.


  1. The most recent version of the Helsinki Declaration must be used and noted when reporting studies involving human participants.


  1. For medical research involving human subjects, we abide by the ICMJE Recommendations on Protection of Research Participants and the Declaration of Helsinki-related ethical principles of the World Medical Association (WMA).


  1. If there is any question about whether the study was carried out in line with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must justify their strategy and show that the institutional review board specifically accepted any questionable components of the trial.


  1. The WMA declaration on animal use in biomedical research, the consensus author guidelines on animal ethics and welfare from the International Association of Veterinary Editors, and the guide for the care and use of laboratory animals should all be followed by authors.


  1. Authors must certify in writing that all legal and ethical regulations for the human treatment of the animals used in the study have been complied with.


  1. The relevant steps used to reduce pain or discomfort should be noted in the Methods (experimental methods) section, and information regarding animal care should be included.


  1. This journal suggests the following 3Rs principal for using people and animals in research.

Replacement: approaches, which avoid or replace the use of animals.

Reduction: approaches, which minimize the number of animals used per experiment.

Refinement: approaches which minimize animal suffering and improve welfare.


Authors are permitted to deposit all versions of their paper in an institutional or subject repository:
1. Preprint
2. Author’s Accepted Manuscript
3. Version of Record
No embargo is applied.


Authors are encouraged to deposit their data in any public repository and share the information/ link under this heading at the end of the submitted manuscript.


The readers, authors, reviewers or any other person may submit a formal appeal through official email ( of the journal regarding any problem, including but not limited to any conflict, delays in review or publishing or article processing charges or rejection of manuscripts to the Chief Editor. The case will be referred for examination/ investigation to the Appeals Committee of the Editorial Board/ Advisory Board to give recommendations to the Board for decision. The Committee is comprised of;

  1. Muhammad Imran 
  2. Sidra Khalid
  3. Prof. Dr. Shahida Perveen





Regarding any publication misconduct on the part of an author, a reviewer, or the Editor/Editorial Board, readers, writers, or any other person may send a written complaint to the Chief Editor using the journal's official email address ( The Complaints Process Committee of the Editorial Board/Advisory Board will be asked to investigate the issue and make suggestions to the Board regarding its course of action. The Committee is comprised of;

  1. Prof. Dr. Riffat Mehboob 
  2. Dr. Muhammad Imran
  3. Prof. Dr. Fridoon Jawad Ajmad



DIET FACTOR (DF) follows the International Committee of Medical Journals Editor (ICMJE) guidelines for authorship criteria as “Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors” available at:

Each author must have made enough contributions to the work to be considered an author, according to the principal author. One must fulfil all four of the following criteria for authorship, according to ICMJE rules.

  1. Idea or creation
  2. The gathering, examination, or interpretation of data
  3. Writing and approval of the manuscript
  4. Each author accepts responsibility for the entirety of the work, ensuring that any concerns about the veracity or integrity of any part of it are duly examined and addressed.

The mere arrangement of a research grant, the gathering of data, or general project management cannot justify authorship. Such actions could also be acknowledged in various ways. When submitting the work, the primary author must include the names of other authors in the proper order. Later additions of authors are not permitted. Contributions from authors will be published alongside the document. The editorial board will decide on any authorship disputes in accordance with ICMJE and COPE norms. The authors who assume primary responsibility for the manuscript should be identified when the study was carried out by a sizable, multi-center group. The above-described standards for authorship should be fully met by these. The corresponding author should explicitly identify all authors in a group author manuscript before submitting it. The acknowledgements section needs to list the other group members. After submission, changes to the authors' names or order are not permitted.


Crossmark Policy of Content


All articles published in Diet Factor receive a DOI and are permanently published. This applies regardless of the outcome of the peer review that follows after publication.

Authors can revise, change and update their articles by publishing new versions, which are added to the article’s history; however, the individual versions, once published, cannot be altered or withdrawn and are permanently available on the Diet Factor website. Diet Factor participates in the CrossMark scheme, a multi-publisher initiative that has developed a standard way for readers to locate the current version of an article. By applying the CrossMark policies, Diet Factor is committed to maintaining the content it publishes and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur. There are 12 defined types of accepted updates within Crossmark:

1. Addendum
2. Clarification
3. Correction
4. Corrigendum
5. Erratum
6. Expression of concern
7. New edition
8. New version
9. Partial retraction
10. Removal
11. Retraction
12. Withdrawal

Any such update in the contents will be published as a regular document in the coming issue, bearing regular pagination and DOI, with a link to its parent content/ document/ work. 
Readers are encouraged to submit their comments regarding our published work as “Editorial Correspondence”. These comments will be shared with the authors to respond and then these comments with author responses will be published in coming issue. If the authors could not respond/ explain properly, then editorial board will decide regarding the fate of that document. 
The readers can also submit their comments online as “ADD COMMENT” option on each published work. The authors can respond online by post or email. These posts are saved and any

Ethical Statement

Publishing scientific content needs thorough, systematic, and comprehensive procedures as well as adhering to the highest standards of ethics and management. Lahore Medical Research Center assumes responsibility for making sure that submitted publications have undergone a thorough double-blind peer review and adhere to strict ethical guidelines. Lahore Medical Research Center takes cases of plagiarism, falsified data, incorrect authorship credit, and other similar misconducts extremely seriously, and our editors are trained to address them with a zero-tolerance policy. Lahore Medical Research Center aims to collaborate directly with editors, writers, peer reviewers, and copy editors in order to successfully uphold high publication standards. On every published article, we use Turnitin to verify that the provided contents are unique and haven't been used before. The publication ethics that Lahore Medical Research Center assigns to all of its journals are based on the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct (Lahore Medical Research Center is not yet member of COPE). For the benefit of writers, reviewers, editors, and readers, these publication ethics are succinctly explained.

  1. Author’s Responsibilities
    2. Editor/Associate Editors/Editorial Members Responsibilities
    3. Reviewers Responsibilities
    4. Publisher/Copy Editor Responsibilities
    5. Recording Complaints